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Full text of "The Cambridge Natural History"

mobile proboscis, hence its name. The native ^Mexican name for
the creature is " Quanhpecotl/*

The Coati is largely arboreal, and hunts iguanas in large
bands, some of them being on the trees and some on the ground
beneath. It also grubs up worms and larvae, for which purpose
its long snout is suited. The molars of the genus resemble
those of frocyon,

There is not a median groove upon the nose. The palms
and soles are naked. Six teats occur. There are thirteen dorsal
vertebrae. Nasii,a, Tiasica 1 and JST. rufa are the best known and
perhaps the only species. The colour of the fur varies a good
deal, and has led to thB use of other n-ames for supposed species.

A-elurus, the Panda, is a largish animal found in the south-
eastern Himalayas up to a height of 12,000 feet. It has a
glossy fur of a reddish colour, and a " white somewhat cat-like
face/* The molar formula "which distinguishes it from the New-
"World Arctoids belonging to the Procyonidae, as well as from
its possible ally A.eluropfws> is Pm f- M --. The anatomy of the
animal has been described by Sir W. Flower.2 Dr. Mivart has
pointed out that the muzzle though short is upturned in a way
distinctly recalling that of Wasua. The animal inhabits forests,
and feeds almost entirely upon vegetable food. It eats eggs,
however, and insects. Though living to a great extent upon
the ground, it is also arboreal, and has sharp semi-retractile claws.
It is said to be dull of sight, hearing, and smell, and yet with
these disadvantages is also unprovided with cunning or ferocity.
Its habits have been compared with those of a Kinkajou.

Fossil Procyonidae. - In addition to several of the existing
genera, the remains are known of various extinct forms of Pro-
cyonidae. LeptarctuSy with one species, L. primae'viis, is of Plio-
cene age, but is known only by one ramus of the lower jaw. It
appears to " offer a number of transitional characters between
the more typical Procyonidae and the aberrant Oercoleptes" 8

Fam. 7. Mustelidae. - Contrary to what has been stated with
regard to the habits of the Procyonidae, the Mustelidae are for
the most part " bloodthirsty robbers," and are spread over the

" is generally written,  after Linnaeus.     But this was, according to
Mr. Alston, probably an error for nasica.
2 Proc* Zool* Soc. 1870, p. 752.
8 See Wortman, Bull. A.m.er* M-us. J&at. Hist. vi. 1894, p. 229.